Energy and sustainability
Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs)
Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) are the current method used across the UK to assess and assign energy efficiency rating to buildings. They are valid for 10 years.
Buildings are rated on a scale from A to G, with A being the most efficient. Ratings are calculated using information such as the size, layout, insulation and ventilation of dwellings. EPCs provide information on the energy efficiency of our buildings and recommendations on improvement measures.
EPCs are a legal requirement for the sale or lease of any property. An EPC is not required when a tenant rents a room and shares facilities (other exceptions apply as per The Energy Efficiency (Private Rented Property) (Scotland) Regulations 2019: draft guidance) , or when a non-domestic building has a useful floor area of under 50 square metres (some exceptions apply as per Building Standard 2017).
With the introduction of Energy Efficient Scotland: A Route Map in May 2018, the Scottish Government set out a programme to ensure that its climate change targets as per the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 are reached by 2050 the latest. The timeline in the Route Map as proposed by the Scottish Government suggests that:
- By 2022 - all private rented homes should reach EPC rating of E;
- By 2025 - all private rented homes should reach EPC rating of D;
- By 2030 - all private rented homes should reach EPC rating of C;
- By 2032 - maximise the number of social rented homes achieving EPC rating of B;
- By 2040 - all Scottish homes achieve EPC C; all households in fuel poverty to reach EPC B; all non-domestic buildings assessed and improved to extent where technically feasible and cost effective.
However the timeline above is subject to review in 2020 with a proposal to bring some of deadlines forward as per the Energy Efficient Scotland: Improving Energy efficiency in owner occupied homes.